Search for VHE Gamma Rays from SS433/W50 with the CANGAROO-II Telescope

Sei. Hayashi, F. Kajino, T. Naito, A. Asahara, G. V. Bicknell, R. W. Clay, Y. Doi, P. G. Edwards, R. Enomoto, S. Gunji, S. Hara, T. Hara, T. Hattori, C. Itoh, S. Kabuki, H. Katagiri, A. Kawachi, T. Kifune, L. T. Ksenofontov, H. Kubo, T. Kurihara, R. Kurosaka, J. Kushida, Y. Matsubara, Y. Miyashita, Y. Mizumoto, M. Mori, H. Moro, H. Muraishi, Y. Muraki, T. Nakase, D. Nishida, K. Nishijima, M. Ohishi, K. Okumura, J. R. Patterson, R. J. Protheroe, N. Sakamoto, K. Sakurazawa, D. L. Swaby, T. Tanimori, H. Tanimura, G. Thornton, F. Tokanai, K. Tsuchiya, T. Uchida, S. Watanabe, T. Yamaoka, S. Yanagita, T. Yoshida, T. Yoshikoshi

(Astropart. Phys. in press)
SS433, located at the center of the supernova remnant W50, is a close proximity binary system consisting of a compact star and a normal star. Jets of material are directed outwards from the vicinity of the compact star symmetrically to the east and west. Non-thermal hard X-ray emission is detected from lobes lying on both sides. Shock accelerated electrons are expected to generate sub-TeV gamma rays through the inverse-Compton process in the lobes. Observations of the western X-ray lobe region of SS433/W50 system have been performed to detect sub-TeV gamma-rays using the 10 m CANGAROO-II telescope in August and September, 2001, and July and September, 2002. The total observation times are 85.2 hours for ON source, and 80.8 hours for OFF source data. No significant excess of sub-TeV gamma rays has been found at 3 regions of the western X-ray lobe of SS433/W50 system. We have derived 99% confidence level upper limits to the fluxes of gamma rays and have set constraints on the strengths of the magnetic fields assuming the synchrotron/inverse-Compton model for the wide energy range of photon spectrum from radio to TeV. The derived lower limits are 4.3 μG for the center of the brightest X-ray emission region and 6.3 μG for the far end from SS433 in the western X-ray lobe. In addition, we suggest that the spot-like X-ray emission may provide a major contribution to the hardest X-ray spectrum in the lobe.